„Bei der Abwanderung nach Deutschland scheint eine Ruhe eingetreten zu sein”
Migrationsmuster und lokales Aushandeln von Migration am Beispiel der Glanzstoff Fabrik in St. Pölten
Schlagworte:labour migration, migration patterns, migration regimes, transnational history, entangled history, local scale, migratory practices
In conventional narratives, the history of labour migration is described as a two-step process in which immigration follows so-called “guest work.” With a focus on the Glanzstoff factory in St. Pölten, I reconstruct various migration paths that do not exactly match such descriptions. Although neglected by research, many of those recruited moved on to other countries after a stopover in Austria, especially to Germany. The traditional stories about the course of labour migration are based on migration policy regulations and/or refer to national averages when describing the lifestyles of migrants. The present study takes a different perspective to such aggregated analysis: departing from current theoretical debates on migration regimes, the Glanzstoff factory is conceived as a local zone for the negotiation of migration. Based on the fluctuation and the resulting strategies of all actors involved, I examine how the “guest worker regime” was implemented and challenged locally.