Klinische Ethikberatung – eine spezielle Form der Begutachtung
Schlagworte:klinisches Ethikkomitee, Begutachtung, klinische Ethikberatung, Klinik, Ethik-Gremium
Clinical ethics consultation is a relatively young field of expertise that supports ethically reflected decision-making. This process shakes up the existing hierarchy in two ways; first, by involving further perspectives in a structured and transparent way, and, second, by shifting the focus to a more comprehensive, interdisciplinary view. A major challenge for those providing clinical ethics consultation is building trust, which involves being considerate towards the needs of patients, relatives and healthcare professionals as well as towards customs and organizational culture. As this service emphasizes the relational aspect of medical care, it is difficult to realize within existing institutional frameworks. This paper explores how clinical ethics consultation developed and changed over the past few decades alongside an evolving understanding of respect for patient autonomy within an ethics of care approach. One of the most influential images related to clinical ethics consultation marks the beginning of this era, however, it also signifies some of the limitations and challenges of the practice still valid nearly 60 years after the first clinical ethics committee had been installed.